Etymology on “DUE PROCESS”

  • Find terms, phrases, ideas, fads, new ‘rules,’ key to the issue you’re investigating.
    • Term(s): Due Process
  • First post an artifact (image, audio file, etc.) illustrating the term.
Source Given In Picture
  • Then write about the following:
    • Who defines the term and how do they do it (maybe more than one group) ? (what evidence exists supporting that definition?)
      • Several definitions of the phrase are stated. The standard definition is “all people must be treated fairly….” However, the definition is a very flexible that can be used in many different contexts. Although “due process” means treatment of people equally on school campuses it has several potential meanings: notification of an criminal(s) charges (either written or given orally), explanation of how evidence relates to the crime, the chance to consent a charge, and a fair, unbiased trial verdict by judges. This means if “Boy A”is accused of sexual assaulting “Girl B” and found guilty he can sent a letter stating his charges and consequences. Additionally, he can be informed of what evidence convicted him and guaranteed a fair trial. Evidence of this is supported on many schools websites, like Georgia State University
    • When did the term first emerge in public discourse? Where?
      • The government definition of “Due Process” emerged with the ratification of the Fifth Amendment December 15, 1791. The amendment states that no one shall be “deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of law.” The Fourteenth Amendment, ratified in 1868, uses the same eleven words, called the Due Process Clause, to describe a legal obligation of all states. However, it recently came back into the light with Betsy DeVos’s decision to re-evaluate the Title IX guidance. Evidence is seen in previous speeches which are listed below.
    • What is the cultural, social, political impact of the term?
      • Cultural: It influences the way we think and define “due process” in different areas, like how government has a definition but college campuses has a separate definition but “fits” under the definition from government.
      • Social: Change the way we view aspects of life, others, and actions.
      • Political: Influence the way our government is ran and seen by the public.
    • Who is most affected by the term and how?
      • People who have been victim of sexual assault and violence who have open cases. The way Betsy DeVos has changed the guidance allows the accused to summon the victim to court to question. This would originally be a violation of the federal government policy stating that the school is responsible for the victim and criminal to not share any space, classes, jobs, or even dorms together.
    • Why do you think the term persists? What accounts for its power?
      • I feel that this term persists because it is the only reason Betsy DeVos changed the Title IX guidance. The power is a result of people who did not want to see the guidance get changed including college students, professors, politicians, and many more!

 


Etymology Draft- Primary Research

 Look up Betsy DeVos speeches regarding Title IX and see how many times “due process” is stated:

 

 

Look at all press releases by the Department of Education on Title IX and and Betsy DeVos; specify search to 2017:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Other articles obtained regarding Title IX act:

  • Dear Collegue Letter from United States Department of Education Office of Civil Rights
    • Date Posted on DOE site: September 22, 2017
    • Due Process Stated: 1 time
    • Link: PDF Document
      • https://www2.ed.gov/about/offices/list/ocr/letters/colleague-title-ix-201709.pdf