Taken By: Jordan Barab; Retrieved from: Flickr
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. The title of this text is “Title IX, Education Amendments of 1972” by the United States Department of Labor: Civil Rights Center (CRC); qualified to speak on the subject due to their mission to ensure citizens are aware of their political and social freedoms and equality rights, whose central message establishes that it is illegal to discriminate on the basis of sex in any educational program or activity that is federally funded.
    2. To support their purpose the center breaks down what programs/institutions and people who are categorized as federally funded or disabled and how Title IX applies to them, including: religious, public, and military schools; Father-son or mother-daughter activities at schools;Blindness or visual impaired; and abortion.
    3. By posting such an article the center wants the general public to be aware of all their (many) rights, as for commonly people only know the existence of their general rights, like: the right to vote, right to free speech,etc.
    4. The specific audience of the text would be the general public, more specifically victims of sexual discrimination and supporters of survivors of such discrimination who want to fight for the people/institutions who wrongly discriminated against them to be held accountable.
    5. Individuals who may find this source useful can include law enforcement, survivors and advocates of sexual discrimination, and members of the general pblic who want to know more about how to fight or prevent discrimination.
  • Notes
    • This article is a list of all the education amendments of 1972 under Title IX by the United States Department of Labor-Civil Rights Center (CRC). The Civil Rights Center has the authority to speak on the subject because they are apart of the community that has to enforce it due to them being the Civil Rights center and making sure everyone is treated equally. The text does not have a main thesis, instead it has sections. Under those sections are brief statements informing the reader about what specific aspect of Title IX is involved. Under those brief statements are areas that the section falls into. Under those areas are additional statements explaining in detail how Title IX comes into play. I would best describe this as a “pyramid” affect, as you go from the base of pyramid up the pyramid gets narrower until it comes to a point. In this case the sections in this document are the bases and the additional statements,explaining how Title IX comes into play, are the points. The department uses factual and current evidence to support the documents. Additionally, they keep the site and documents up to date as stated in their general disclaimer, “This is a service that is continually under development. We will make every effort to keep this site current and to correct errors brought to our attention.” The Department of Labors main purpose for writing the text and others like it to enhance public access to the Department’s information. For example, a sexual assault victim of a college campus did everything to ensure that her rapist was charged, punished, or held as guilty in some manner. She did everything through the university with no luck and blamed as causing the rape. However, she discovered a federal act called Title IX and reported her story including the lack of importance and care from her school of her rape. Her story made national headlines and caused an uproar of sexual assault victims to come forward and start a movement, which was even filmed and made into a documentary called, “The Hunting Grounds” The intended audience of this text are victims of sexual assault, college students, employees/participants of federal funding programs, and the general public. I find this source extremely useful due to it being the actual Title IX amendments.
  • Summary:
    • The United States Department of Labor are qualified to speak on such a topic because It breaks down the entire Title IX amendments into sections and then explains each section in sub-categories. Under those sub-categories are very detailed descriptions of where and how Title IX can and can’t be used. This article can be helpful to me in writing my etymology and issue infestation report in allowing me to under the Title IX act more than just away for rape and sexual assault victims on college campuses to get justice. For example, I did not know that Title IX also protects against sexual discrimination among government funded institutions (i.e. Georgia State University) sporting teams.

 

“U.S. Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos speaking at the 2017 Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) in National Harbor, Maryland.” Flickr CC
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. The title “DeVos announces review of Obama-era sexual assault guidance” by CNN Reporter, Sophie Tatum; who is qualified to speak on this subject due to CNN frequently reporting on current events with factual data and often updating articles with the most recent information, Tatum’s main thesis is “Education Secretary Betsy DeVos announced Thursday that the department will review Obama-era guidance on campus sexual assault, citing concerns that the current policy denies due process to individuals accused.”
    2. To support her claim Tatum uses dialogue from Betsy’s speech at George Mason University’s and interview with CBS News including: “One rape is one too many, one assault is one too many, one aggressive act of harassment is one too many, one person denied due process is one too many,” and “In order to ensure that America’s schools employ clear, equitable, just and fair procedures that inspire trust and confidence, we will launch a transparent notice-and-comment process to incorporate the insights of all parties in developing a better way,”
    3. The author’s main purpose for writing this article is the inform how Betsy DeVos wants to change the current Title IX guideline, but does not explain how she will do it or how it will benefit individuals.
    4. The intended audience of this text would be individuals who want to stay up to date and others who want to know about what the Betsy DeVos situation is and receive up to date information on it.
    5. People who may find this source useful are people who want to know about the current Title IX and Betsy DeVos controversy.
  • Notes:
  • Summary:
    • This article was published my CNN reporter, Sophie Tatum, about Betsy DeVos decision to change Obama-era sexual assault guidance. Sophia states that DeVos believes the Obama-era guidelines, “…denies due process to individuals accused.” Tatum includes quotes from DeVos’s interview with CBS News and speech at George Mason University’s Arlington, Virginia, campus and a brief summary of what Title IX is. Furthermore, Tatum explains the history of Obama-era in regards to how schools should handle sexual assault allegations and the criticism of this policy. A key component that Tatum includes that is extremely helpful is, “This criticism is what DeVos echoed in her speech Thursday, when she shared stories of both survivors and ‘victims of a lack of due process.’” This is helpful because apart of my primary research is to look into Betsey DeVos speeches regarding Title IX and see how many times “due process” comes up. In that speech DeVos stated, “The truth is that the system established by the prior administration has failed too many students. Survivors, victims of a lack of due process and campus administrators have all told me that the current approach does a disservice to everyone involved,” Tatum goes on to explain how DeVos did not explain how she or the Department of Education would change the policy and how many important officials have criticized DeVos.

 

 

“Betsy Devos” Flickr CC
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. The title “Education Department withdraws Obama-era campus sexual assault guidance” by CNN Reporter, Sophie Tatum; who is qualified to speak on this subject due to CNN frequently reporting on current events with factual data and often updating articles with the most recent information, Tatum’s main thesis is “The Education Department announced Friday it is formally rescinding Obama-era guidance on how schools should handle sexual assaults under Title IX federal law.”
    2. To support her claim Tatum uses evidence from Betsy DeVos stating the administration will be removing “…the Obama administration’s ‘dear colleague letter’ that some, including DeVos, have criticized for going too far.”; she also embeds Tweets from people who disagree with the decision, even Bernie Sanders.
    3. The author’s main purpose for writing this article is the inform how Betsy DeVos wants to change the current Title IX guideline, but does not explain how she will do it or how it will benefit individuals.
    4. The intended audience of this text would be individuals who want to stay up to date and others who want to know about what the Betsy DeVos situation is and receive up to date information on it.
    5. People who may find this source useful are people who want to know about the current Title IX and Betsy DeVos controversy.
  • Summary:
    • This article is explaining the final decision of Betsy DeVos, that she and the Department of Education will be rescinding Obama-era guidance on how schools should handle sexual assaults under Title IX federal law. The article includes that the administration will be removing “…the Obama administration’s “dear colleague letter” that some, including DeVos, have criticized for going too far.” The only part of the Obama-era guidance that will remain is the guideline making it the schools responsibility to investigate instead of law enforcement. Once again, the announcement of the removal received backlash from officials like; Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand and Sen. Bernie Sanders.This is helpful, in addition to the other article above, because this allows me to get the views of other people and organizations including a group I included on my taxonomy, “End Rape on Campuses”

 

Mark Wilson/Getty Images News/Getty Images
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. The title of this text is “Betsy DeVos’s Title IX Sexual Assault Announcement Kills Obama’s “Dear Colleague” Letter” by Erin Delmore; who is a qualified because she is a Senior Political Correspondent for the Greater New York City Area and has had prior experience with NJTV News, MSNBC, and Washingtonian Magazine, her main thesis is, “Education Secretary Betsy DeVos made good on a promise to rescind Obama-era guidance on how campuses handle sexual assault investigations Friday.”
    2. To support her point the author includes the official statement saying that the administration will be withdrawing the Obama-era guidelines.
    3. By writing this text Delmore wants to establish that Betsy DeVos and her department have now official changed the Title IX act guidelines, which will cause some individuals to be upset and others to be happy.
    4. People who support and do not support Betsy DeVos’s decision to change the guidelines are highly likely to read this article due to it being such a controversial topic.
    5. People who do not support Betsy DeVos decision to change the Title IX guidelines may not find this article useful, simply due to the fact that it does not stand for what they believe in/what they wanted.
  • Summary:
    • This is just another article stating that Betsy DeVos will be removing the Obama “Dear Colleague.” This is a part of Betsy’s change in the guidelines of the Title IX act. This article also states that she will only keep the Obama guideline that college campuses must investigate cases involving Title IX, like sexual assault and sexual discrimination. Meaning the police are not allowed to investigate such crimes on college campuses.

 

AP Photo/Alex Brandon
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. The title of this is article, “The Trump administration is systematically dismantling Title IX” by Lindsay Gibbs and Casey Quinlan who are qualified to speak on this topic because Quinlan is a Policy Reporter and Gibbs Sports Reporter and both of those positions correlate to the Title IX act; the main thesis of this article is “…But as Title IX supporters celebrate how much the legislation has accomplished, particularly for women and girls in sports, many who have been closely monitoring the actions of President Donald Trump and his Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos are extremely concerned about its future.”
    2. The authors support their claim that Betsy does not want to support the victims of sexual assault by including how Betsy’s foundation, “…donated tens of thousands of dollars to a group…opposed expanded rights for sexual assault survivors.” and the statement of deputy assistant secretary of the Office for Civil Rights,Candice Jackson, who “…called women who accused President Donald Trump of sexual assault ‘fake victims.'”
    3. By publishing this text the authors want individuals to be aware that Betsy DeVos never wanted to truly support sexual assault victims.
    4. Members of the general community are the intended audience for this article as for it gives general news about the Betsy DeVos situation.
    5. Anyone who wants to see multiple view points of the Betsy DeVos situation can look at this article and get more view points on the controversy.
  • Summary:
    • This article defines how the Trump administration is dismantling the Title IX guideline changes. It breaks down the many ways Title IX will be broken down and categorized in sub categories. These categories are: Sexual assault, LGBTQ rights, and Athletics. It opens with the strength of the Obama-era Title IX act. It even added that the Obama administration added protections for transgender students and sexual assault victims to the statute, and repealed a Bush-era policy that allowed schools rely solely on unscientific surveys to “prove” a lack of interest in starting a new women’s sport. The article further explains how Trump’s budget proposal recommends a seven percent budget reduction for the Office for Civil Rights, which would force the department to slash approximately 27 jobs at a time when Title IX complaints are on the rise. The ratio of Title IX cases per investigative staff members in the OCR was 41 to 1 in fiscal year 2016, and that ratio will only become more lopsided if these cuts go into effect.

 

 

End Rape On Campus, Shonda Brown, Flickr CC
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. This article is titled, “DeVos: New Sex Assault Policies ‘Give Due Process Back to College Students’” by FoxInsider News who are qualified to speak on this topic because they had one of their reporters interview Betsy DeVos, the main thesis of this article is to explain what Betsy DeVos really wants to do.
    2. FoxInsider News included the actual video of the interview as evidence.
    3. The authors ain purpose for writing this text is to give a summary of the interview with Betsy DeVos.
    4. The people who this article attracts are people who want the up-close and personal story, direct from the source.
    5. People who may find this article useful are those who like news reported directly from the source and have the ability to access that source; in that case the source would be the video of the interview between the interviewer and Betsy DeVos.
  • Summary:
    • This article explains what Betsy DeVos plans to do with the new Title IX guidelines. According to the article Betsy plans to return due process to both the defendant and the victim. The article further explains how the guideline change is different than the Obama-era policy. In addition, unlike the other articles this one includes an example in how to old Obama-era policy word. The author states, “One parent of an accused male said that her 18-year old couldn’t have a lawyer in any of the hearings, in violation of his Fifth Amendment rights.” The article also included the famous quote from DeVos that was also included in the first article, “… one sexual assault on campus is one too many, but that “one person denied due process is [also] one too many…””

 

Title IX Banner, Labeled for reuse, Google, http://i.vimeocdn.com/video/594645241_1280x720.jpg
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. This article is titled, “Court Finds Due Process Denied in Sex Assault Case” by Jeremy Bauer-Wolf who is qualified to speak on such topic as for he is a Education Reporter for Inside Higher ED, his main thesis is “Federal panel blocks suspension of University of Cincinnati graduate student, saying institution did not respect his constitutional rights after he was accused of sexual assault.”
    2. Wolf supports his thesis by including a first hand account of the University of Cincinnati graduate student who was accused of sexual assault and how a federal panel overruled the school’s disciplinary ruling and why.
    3. This article is meant to explain how the new Betsy DeVos Title IX guidance has already began to affect students and how it was not a great idea for the original Obama-era guideline to be changed.
    4. The specific audience this article is trying to reach would be college students who have open or recently closed Title IX cases on their campus as for the result the victim may have been expecting; suspension or expulsion of their attacker(s), may not happen or could possibly be reopened and overturned.
    5. This article might be useful to students who have survived attacks with previous or recently closed cases with their attacker(s) punished and attacker(s) or accused attacker(s) who may feel hope in that their case will be overturned.
  • Summary:
    • This article is explaining the case of a University of Cincinnati graduate student who was accused of sexual assault. The student was suspended by the University however, a federal panel overturned this action because his constitutional rights were not respected. The university violated his rights by not allowing him to question the female student who accused him of sexually assaulting her. The federal court chose this route due to the announcement by Betsy saying she would be changing the guidelines of Title IX. This article is helpful to me in that it allows me to get another double example of the Title IX act in progress. This case was ruled in favor that the student be issued a two-year suspension under Obama-era, but due to the announcement by Betsy DeVos the case was processed again which lead to the federal court to grant the student a one-year suspension.

 

(J. Lawler Duggan/For The Washington Post/Getty Images)
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. This article is titled,”New Title IX Guidance Gives Schools Choice in Sexual Misconduct Cases” by Claire Hansen, who is qualified to speak on this topic because she is news intern from Northwestern University’s Medill School of Journalism, her main thesis is “Education Secretary Betsy DeVos has again proven herself a proponent of “school choice,” giving new meaning to the term in Title IX guidance issued Friday morning by the Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights. “
    2. Hansen supports her claim by including links to documents supporting DeVos’s actions regarding allowing schools the new option.
    3. Through publishing this article Hansen is trying to make citizen aware of the new option that is coming to schools across our nation, meaning that sexual discrimination may still be something unstoppable due some schools trying to sweep reports of discrimination under the rug to keep their reputation superior.
    4. The specific audience this text is trying to reach are individuals who want to know more about the Betsy DeVos controversy and how her new guidance change is going to affect individuals.
    5. People who want to be kept up to date about the Betsy DeVos controversy.
  • Summary:
    • This article is explaining another responsibility and option schools have when investigating a Title IX case. The new option is in the form of a Q&A document. Furthermore, the article is contrasting the new Q&A document to the Obama-era Q&A document and 2011 Dear Colleague letter. This new option allows school the choice on how to address Title IX cases on campus. Unlike the Obama-era document that allows both parties the right to be given an equal opportunity to appeal an outcome. The article also included the speech Betsy gave at the George Mason University as stated in the first source. This article allows me to see how schools are being affected by the new Title IX guidance.

 

 

Chris Walker/Chicago Tribune/TNS/Getty Images.
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. This article is titled, “Betsy DeVos Underestimates The Anti-Rape Movement On Campus” by Abbey Childs who is a qualified because this is her story, her main thesis is “Abbey Childs is a recent graduate from the College of William & Mary and a survivor of sexual assault. In response to her experience, she founded and led an advocacy organization, 16(IX)3, to strengthen her university’s sexual misconduct policy to better protect survivors. All opinions are her own.”
    2. Abbey supports her claim by giving first-han dacocunts of what happened to her and how Betsy DeVos affect it.
    3. The authors main purpose for writing such a text is to get her story out in the world like many other victims are.
    4. Abbey is specifically trying to reach the survivors and advocates of the fight for equality against sexual assault cases, especially on her campus.
    5. Victims who have been quiet may find this source useful by it encouraging them to come forward and let their story be heard.
  • Summary:
    • This article explains the views of title IX through a sexual survivor, Abbey Childs, who wants to advocate for her campus to increase the fight and protection of sexual assault victims on her campus. She includes her letter to the campus survivors and advocates about the time she was raped on campus. She explains how she followed all the appropriate rules according to the trusted university system, but was failed by the same system. Additionally, Abbey includes how the university found substantial evidence in favor of her to prove that she did not consent the night she was raped. However, her rapist received no consequences meaning the university ignored their legal obligation to sexual assault victims. Abbey goes on to explain how to continued to fight for her case, but failed due to the same system and by pressure from campus police stating that her “…case would never see the inside of a courtroom.” As I continued to read the article I discovered that the Title IX act under Obama-era was flawed and needed to be fixed. However, the solution that Betsy DeVos must this flawed is not the right choice, as Abbey agrees, “The solution to a flawed system…is not to pull the rug out from vulnerable people who are relying on it as a last resort.” This article gives me another first-hand account on how Title IX affects victims and survivors on college/university campuses.

 

 

“letter” by Aprilandrandy, FlickrCC
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. This article has not title but is written by the National Women’s Law Center, qualified to speak on the topic because they stand for equality of women, with a main focus to tell Betsy DeVos herself that her decision to change the Title IX guidance was not a good one.
    2. They include how students are affected by the change and how “…students deserve better…”
    3. The author’s main purpsoe for writing the text is make Betsy understand that her actions were not neccessayr and to hopefully persuade her to change her decision.
    4. The inteded audience of this text is Betsy DeVos!
    5. Supporters of the Obama-era guidance may find this source useful as for it established that their are organizations that stand for what they stand for.
  • Summary:
    • This is a letter to Betsy DeVos from the National Women’s Law Center explaining how her decision to change the guidelines of Title IX is not a smart idea. The 11-page letter offers extensive research done by the center to explain the issues involving the new Title IX guidelines. The letter breaks each issue down and explains in a very detailed manner.

 

 

From the “It’s Not Just Personal” brochure from the Center for Urban Pedagogy, Black Women’s Blueprint, and designers Flora Chan and Abby Chen. http://welcometocup.org/Projects/MakingPolicyPublic/ItsNotJustPersonal
  • Citation:
  • Annotation:
    1. Shehzad Nadeem, Nicole LaVoi, Cheryl Cooky, Erin Buzuvis, and Ellen J. Staurowsky are the authors of this article and their main thesis is to explain the Title IX act in a simpler manner that is better understandable.
    2. The authors use several resources and steps relating to Title IX. Including how to file a Title IX claim and how to make sure Title IX is known around your school campus.
    3. The authors want to inform, enforce and encourage victims of sexual assault and violence to use the resources and steps that are available to help them that they may not know about.
    4. The intended audience of such article are people of the general public who have or know someone who has faced an act of sexual violence.
    5. People who want to understand the resources available from government regarding Title IX better can find these sources useful.
  • Summary:
    • The article focuses on legal rights of LGBTQ individuals in the U.S. Topics discussed include executive order which prohibits federal contractors from discriminating on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity will remain intact at the direction of President Donald J. Trump, Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Secretary of Education Betsy DeVos announced the withdrawal of an Obama Administration guidance and U.S. Supreme Court agreed to hear Gloucester County School Board v. G.G.